The Illusion of Job Creation

wage_slaveMany people believe that corporations are out to create jobs–at least that is what most industries use as an excuse to push for decreased regulation and tax cuts.

It’s no surprise that most people who follow along with this idea are terrible critical thinkers, or at least have a similar sense of psychopathic, self-centered greed as the corporations themselves. I’ve heard some people say, “They worked hard and deserve to keep their wealth,” to which it must be assumed that every corporation began and ended with the original founder of said company and nothing was or ever has been passed down to the next generation. But I digress. Back to why so many people are terribly misled.

Corporations are actually out to make a profit. It is the legal obligation of a public corporation to their stock holders. Legal obligation…that means by law, as in, they can get in deep shit if they don’t make profits for their stock holders.

If that means using less people to get more production, they will do it. If that means lowering wages or decreasing benefits to reduce labor overhead, they will do it. If that means taking cost saving short cuts and lobbying against regulations meant to protect people living near their operations, they will do it. If that means shipping jobs overseas so they can do all of the above, they will do it. If that means designing a system of economics that makes us all utterly dependent upon working their jobs to buy the food they produce and to purchase the medicines we must then take and to buy the vehicles, gas, and auto insurance to allow us to go get all of these things, then you better believe they’ll do it–or rather, they have done all of the above. We are at their mercy.

Look at it this way. Poor, desperate people make the best workers. Where you find those people, you will find companies who have moved in to exploit them for their cheap labor. In areas where materials must be extracted, companies will work hard to make the people of that region poor and desperate.

It’s not a Conservative vs. Liberal issue, its an Everybody vs. Corporate America issue. Corporate America has the money and power to corrupt our political system AND they’ve got plenty left over to spend on media to keep people fighting amongst themselves rather than see what the REAL problem is. For any of the 314,000+ people who have “Liked” Count on Coal’s Facebook page, do a search for Count on Coal and the National Mining Association. Wait, I’ll do the work for you…here click this link….

Its simple. Who sets the prices we pay for the things we need (such as food and shelter)? Corporations. Who sets the wages we are paid? You guessed it. Corporations.  It’s the same thing that used to happen in the coal camps with company scrip, company stores, and company housing. The company sets the wages low while they jack of the cost of living in their camps extremely high. It is slavery, or the more appropriate term, wage slavery.

Today, we just have a much bigger company that is broken up into thousands of subsidiaries to give us all the illusion of a free market when its really all owned by a handful of people at the top. Only 85 people own 50% of the world’s wealth. Think about that. That’s an actual FACT. Did you know that?

I used to hear the term “cost of living” in reference to the small wage increases we might get each year and that was never enough to cover “inflation.”  I never really thought about it, but the entire phrase is ludicrous. Why does it “cost” to “live?” Maybe that’s why the Native Americans fought so damn hard. Maybe that’s why our Appalachian ancestors stayed in the mountains–at least until the corporations came and stole everything and put them to work in their mills and coal mines. But at least they had enough commons sense to do a little critical thinking and realize the companies were there for a profit–not to create jobs.

Two coal plants in Ohio part of AEP closings

The Columbus Dispatch – AEP’s Picway plant south of Columbus has been available at times of high demand but has not been used since mid-2013.

After reading the article Two coal plants in Ohio part of AEP closings, I can’t help but wonder why people keep saying “Coal’s all we’ve got.”

As the world transitions away from using coal to generate electricity, people in coal producing communities need to watch their politicians very closely. People need to see whether the politicians they elected are helping coal companies fight a losing battle that will ultimately leave the coalfields in a deepening economic crisis, or if those politicians are working to bring in job alternatives to save the people. I’m sure all sorts of excuses will be made as to why coalfield economies are so terrible (citing terrain, infrastructure, etc.) but I think we need to look at other mountain areas that have no coal and see how they’ve fared.

Someone once called it the “resource course” and Appalachia is not alone. Everywhere in the world you find massive wealth being extracted in the form of natural resources, you find a local people completely screwed over.

Faces of Coal

Joel Richards III
L. Patrick Hassey
William J. Crowley Jr.
E. Linn Draper, Jr.
Glenn A. Eisenberg
Deborah M. Fretz
P. Michael. Giftos
Angelo C. Brisimitzakis
Kevin Crutchfield

These people make up the board of directors at Alpha Natural Resources. There images are linked from their bios. Click them to find out more about each individual. I look a them and I wonder to myself, what has their lives been like? Have they worked in the coal mines? Have they put up roof bolts, hung miner cables, or dragged ventilation curtains through the mud? Have they lived near one of their coal mines and listened to the mine fan night after night, or had to deal with coal trucks hauling by their homes with all of the dust and mud? Did they watch as a loved one fought to pull a breath into blackened lungs, or watched them suffer in pain from an injured back?

I look at these people and I wonder if they care about the lives of those who mine their coal. Would they show up at the funeral of a miner who is killed in their mines? Would they give the family money out of their own pockets to help them with their loss? Would their wives cook something and take it to the family, offering to stay and comfort them through their first days alone?

I think about the best people I know and love from back home. None of them would start a business to make lots of money knowing their employees were giving up their health, risking injuries that would put them in pain for the rest of their lives. The people I know find happiness fishing on the lakes with their kids, or hiking in the woods during spring searching for morel mushroom, or digging ginseng in the fall. The people I know are good people and do what they can to help each other out. A person’s word is still important, and how well they help others is what they want to be judged for, not the cost of their clothes, the price of their vehicles, or the size of their houses.

I remember the faces of my friends, covered in black coal dust–their bodies wearing out. I remember their smiles as they talked about their families. I remember talking about our kids and our gardens, about all the things we had piling up to do at home. I remember the many mornings when we all struggled to make it and the afternoons when only the thoughts of home were enough to keep us going. I wonder if the people pictured above know their miners like I did, if they care about their families and would put money in the bit buckets passed around when someone was in need.

I wonder if they knew David Brummite–if they knew how hard he worked for them and how much he loved his family. I wonder if some of the first things that crossed their minds was “Whose fault was it?” or “Has media relations done a good job at protecting the image of our company?” I wonder if they even knew when it happened, or if it just came across in some casual conversation about business and stock prices.

I wonder if the people know who they are fighting for when they fight for coal…

If Coal Companies Had to Show What They Pay Miners For

There are many jobs out there that require similar skill levels in machine operation and production output as coal mining. What makes coal mining different is the danger and long term health issues posed to coal miners. Let’s face it, if coal companies paid the same rates as factory jobs of the same skill levels, no one would work in the coal mines. There has to be some incentive to work in a coal mine, but is it an actual incentive?

Count on Coal!

Count on Coal now has over 317,000 likes on their Facebook page. The articles they share are typically opinion articles not based on actual facts. All their rhetoric points towards increasing electrical prices and the impending job losses due to the economic difficulties businesses will face from higher energy prices. They  even point out the possible death tolls of individuals who cannot pay their power bills and will suffer from exposure to cold temps or heat waves.

But who is Count on Coal? If you do a little digging you will find that it is the National Mining Association, the lobbying and public relations outfit for mining companies in the US, many of which are coal companies. They are the lobbyists that everyone says we need to get out of Washington. They help politicians by contributing to their campaign funds and running ads to scare people into supporting their agenda.

People are foolish to believe that the NMA is out to better the life of coal miners and the rest of the working class. They are there to increase profits, pure and simple. But sadly, there are over 317,000 people who now “like” them, many of which are the same people who suffer when the NMA lobbies against safety legislation that would cost their members production and profit, but would save a few lives of coal miners in the process. 

To put a finer point on how the NMA sees the people of Appalachia, lets recall when the legal firm representing the National Mining Association attempted to blame health issues in Appalachia on inbreeding.

Just remember, when you think you’re supporting coal miners and their families, when you think you are supporting the people who help everyone by giving us jobs, remember this one important fact, it’s never about the people, it’s about the profits.

To Hell with Friends of Coal

I’ve long preached that the Friends of Coal is a coal industry organization created by associations of coal companies such as the West Virginia Coal Association and the Kentucky Coal Association. These organizations are not about helping miners, they are about helping themselves to higher profits with little regard to the health and safety of coal miners and their families. Case in point…

This from from the West Virginia Coal Association website:

West Virginia Coal Association and Friends of Coal Thank the State Senate for Passing the Coal Jobs and Safety Act of 2015

Within the Coal Jobs and Safety Act of 2015….

§22A-2A-301. The West Virginia Diesel Equipment Commission abolished; transfer of duties and responsibilities; transfer of equipment and records; continuation of prior approvals of diesel equipment for use in underground coal mines; continuation of rules of the commission.

(a) The West Virginia Diesel Equipment Commission is hereby abolished. All duties and responsibilities heretofore imposed upon the commission are hereby imposed upon the Director of the Office of Miners’ Health, Safety and Training.

This means that the director of the Office of Miners’ Health, Safety and Training will have all the say in what is allowed for diesel equipment underground. It removes the democratic process allowing a COMMISSION OF PEOPLE  to weigh in on whether or not some actions and regulations are harmful to the health of miners with regard to the use of diesel powered equipment in underground mines. If this bill passes as is, one person…the director of the Office of Miners’ Health, Safety and Training will have all the power of regulating diesel equipment. Who hires the director? Who is their superior, i.e. who do they answer to? Is it by any chance the same politicians who receive their campaign funds from coal company associations?

Okay so why is this bad for coal miners?

From the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health’s website entitled “Mining Topic – Diesel Exhaust”

What is the health and safety problem?

Exposure to elevated diesel exhaust concentrations has been linked to negative health effects such as eye and nose irritation, headaches, nausea, and asthma. Diesel particulate matter (DPM) has been classified as a possible carcinogen by both the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Diesel engines are a major contributor to elevated concentrations of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, oxides of nitrogen, and hydrocarbons in underground coal and metal/nonmetal mines.

What is the extent of the problem?

Currently, underground miners can be exposed to more than 100 times the typical environmental concentration of diesel exhaust and more than 10 times what might be found in other workplaces. As mines add more and more pieces of diesel equipment the potential overexposure becomes an even greater risk.

A few years ago I wrote about this very subject in my article “A Coal Miner’s Health: Short Term Gains and Long Term Loss”

While the U.S. Mine Safety and Health Administration and various state mining agencies have put various laws regarding diesel equipment in place, miners are left to wonder if it will be enough. “NIOSH cannot definitely determine that current diesel regulations will result in the elimination of all diesel health concerns,” stated Ed Blosser, Public Affairs Officer for NIOSH. “The reason for this uncertainty is that there is still incomplete information concerning the level of exposure to diesel emissions that may cause health effects.”

So let’s assemble the pieces here. Diesel exhaust may cause lung cancer over long periods of time. There’s not been enough research to establish that diesel exhaust will NOT cause cancer. Coal companies prefer diesel equipment because it is cheaper than hiring people to put down track and is cheaper than buying rail and trolly wire. Two diesel mechanics can replace several electricians and underground track crews. The fewer diesel regulations there are, the more companies can use cheaper-to-maintain diesel equipment. The more they can use cheaper-to-maintain diesel equipment, the more profit they can make. The more profit they make, the more they will pay coal miners and create jobs…oh wait, I’m sorry, I meant to say, the more they will give to their stockholders and company executives and the more money they’ll have to create advertising campaigns to convince us all that mining is safe. And we might as well throw in more money to fund lawyers, lobbyists, and political campaigns that will continue eroding miner’s safety to achieve higher profits. 

No easy way to say this people, if you are in the business of supporting Friends of Coal or other coal company organizations, you are ensuring that the next generation of coal miners will work in unsafe conditions. Is it really worth it? Really? 

Remembering Sago

Yesterday marked the 9th Anniversary of the Sago Disaster, an explosion that ripped through ICG’s Sago Mine near Sago, West Virginia.

On this day nine years ago, thirteen men sat in the best barricade they could build, enduring…hoping. They had used their single hour of oxygen from the only Self Contained Self Rescuer issued to them by the company. Their families waited outside living through one of the most difficult times of their lives, praying to see their loved ones once again.
As time wore on, we would learn the ultimate fate of those men, those husbands, those fathers, those grandfathers, brothers, uncles, nephews. One was alive, barely holding on…the others had perished in the thick poisoned air of the mine.

The miners of Sago were like so many of us. They took one of the few jobs available to them, jobs that would allow them to live in the places they had long called home, jobs that would pay enough to support their families.

If only the company had given them more than one SCSR—if only there had been a law—but we know how much power money holds over the hearts of men.

It would be the suffering and tragic loss of life of those 12 brave souls—the pain of constant loss felt by their families—that would finally see to it that every coal miner in the United States would never face the same crisis. Millions of Americans became outraged at the events that played out on their televisions, and the ensuing public outcry would accomplish a feat that has seldom been accomplished in the history of US coal mining—the power of coal industry lobbyists was outweighed by the voice of the public in the halls of government. Laws were passed and now additional SCSRs must be purchased by coal companies, underground safe havens must be built and supply miners with three day of oxygen, food, and water.

Each time my crew passed a safe haven and SCSR stash on our way to the section, I would think of those men, I would think of their final hours. I would pay my respects to them in my own way and wish that the corruption of the coalfields had not taken their lives. I hope that other miners do the same, especially on this day and tomorrow, the day the miners of Sago perished and the hearts of their families were forever broken.

May you all rest in peace. God Bless.

National Miner’s Day

Ludlow, Colorado Union Tent Camp

Today, coal companies across the nation are “honoring” coal miners. Alpha Natural Resources put up an image of three women coal miners on their Facebook page supporting National Miner’s Day. I posted the following comment which sums up how I feel about coal companies and National Miner’s Day…

“If they cared about their coal miners, they’d be giving them guaranteed pensions, 40 hour work weeks, wouldn’t hire subcontractors who are paid $15 an hour to work underground without benefits. If they cared about miners, they would sign a contract with their workers guaranteeing their jobs so their miners can say, “That’s unsafe, I’m not running that piece of equipment or going in that face until it’s made safe” without having to worry about getting “let go” on down the road for something the company makes up, or for no reason at all under the right to work laws they lobbied for.

If they cared about their miners, when bad storms come through the area, they would shut the mines down just as soon as it began affecting the ability of an ambulance or med flight to get a miner to the hospital if they get seriously injured. Like they didn’t do in Dickenson County December 18, 2009.

No, they like to show that they “support” their coal miners, but it’s only show. Ask miners who get hurt in the mines why the company sends a safety officer to the hospital with them. Ask why they push to have the miner take a drug test before anything else, why they try to convince the doctor to use glue instead of stitches so they don’t have to report a more serious accident to MSHA.

It’s one thing to use and abuse their coal miners for their own benefit, but it’s a wholly different thing to turn around and act like they give a damn about them when all the evidence points to what they care about most…profit. Nothing has changed in the last 100 years, only that coal companies have learned how to do some great media and public relations work and the people of Appalachia have become desperate enough to listen to it and clamber over one another for high wages and terrible long term benefits.

The counties where they operate are the poorest in their states and some of the poorest counties in the nation. If they are such wonderful benefactors to the communities, why are we amongst the poorest, unhealthiest people in the US?”

Over the past semester, I have been putting together a website as a final project for my Defining Appalachia class dealing with a contemporary Appalachian issues. Naturally, I went for something that is near and dear to my heart. Coal culture. I can’t tell you how deeply saddened I am to see what our coal mining “heritage” has become. I’ve alluded to it before in previous posts such as “Present Day Coal Mining: Dishonoring Our Heritage”, but having done this project, I find myself deeply depressed by what the coal industry has turned our heritage into.

Coal miners were some of the best people you could ever know. They were True Appalachians as I mentioned in the post. But what has become of them? What happened to those who cared so much for other people that they stood up and sacrificed their paychecks to do something right?

Coal mining used to be more than just producing coal-it was about fighting injustice in the face of the exploitative companies driven by first world greed. The lessons of justice came from our parents who fought back. I would not be who I am today if it wasn’t for being raised in a union family, by parents, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins who all fought for justice and fair treatment when the nation and it’s lust for cheap energy and steel threatened the kind and generous people of Appalachia.

Coal miners were more than just people who kept the lights on, they defended the rights of the working people. Now so many of them are fighting for themselves and only themselves to protect their jobs, they are listening and doing what the coal companies tell them to do, voting for who the companies tell them to vote for. Even the United Mine Workers leadership has been corrupted and does little to fight for the working people.

Today, I honor the miners who fought, who sacrificed, who shed their blood doing what was right for everyone, not just themselves. Today I honor the over 100,000 coal miners killed in this nation’s mines, whose lives were needlessly ended in the unsafe and torturous rigors of a coal industry bent on higher profits, people whose sacrifices fulfilled the needs of a nation built on a lust for power, wealth, convenience, and comfort. Today I honor the families who nearly starved in the tent camps of Matewan, WV, and Ludlow, CO, people who seem to have been forgotten by most of today’s coal miners. I honor the the many union families who suffered and gave so much to set the standards for today’s “safer” working conditions and higher wages.

Today I honor to true miners of the world, not the pro-coal company coal miners who, by supporting the coal companies and coal politicians, prove their morals are no different than the wealthy people who are damning our future generations into continued poor health and poverty.


Coal Miners Are People, Not "Jobs"

State Senator Jared Carpenter sat across his desk within the capitol annex of the Kentucky State Capitol, his smile was the same I imagined he greeted customers with at the First Southern National Bank in Richmond, Kentucky. It is Valentine’s Day of 2013, a day selected by the Kentuckians for the Commonwealth to lobby for the health and safety of Appalachian communities. I sat beside John Wright-Rios who had set up the meeting.

I’m already annoyed by the “Friends of Coal” license plate proudly displayed on Carpenter’s bookshelf, along with a roll of “I ♥ Coal” stickers, both likely given to him by coal’s well-funded corporate lobbying force known as the Kentucky Coal Association. Carpenter was the chair of the Energy and Natural Resources committee, according to his website “His ascension to the position made him one of the fastest rising committee chairs in the chamber, and one of the youngest.  Through his work on the committee, he has gained attention for his work on behalf of Kentucky coal and for taking a strong stand against President Obama and his EPA.” Coal has a lot of power in the state capitol, perhaps more than the 4 million residents living in the state.

Regardless of the uphill battle to put people before coal industry profits, we try, even after passing dozens of representatives, senators, and lobbyists wearing the same stickers that spilled from their roll on Carpenter’s bookshelf.

“Did you take that tour in to coal country you said you were going to take last year?” My casual tone was much friendlier than I felt.

Carpenter’s smile grew a little larger. “I sure did and I learned a lot. We went into an underground mine and I watched a couple of men run a roof bolter. That’s some hard work they do. I have a lot of respect for them.”

His words grated on me. He’d never worked in the coal mines, he didn’t know what hard work was, but I steeled myself and avoided confrontation.

“It’s definitely hard work. A lot of the miners get hurt doing it. The person I started roofbolting with was only in his late twenties and was already having a lot of back and shoulder issues. ”

“Well, that’s with any industry.” He said, his smile only fading a little.

It was a programmed response, one I’d heard before from other politicians and coal industry supporters.  It is their way of downplaying the pain and suffering caused by the “jobs” they so proudly provide.

As you would imagine, their statements are untrue….

Take a moment to read over this fact sheet below, published on the United States Department of Labor – Bureau of Labor Statistics website in April of 2010:

Coal mining is a relatively dangerous industry. Employees in coal mining are more likely to be killed or to incur a non-fatal injury or illness, and their injuries are more likely to be severe than workers in private industry as a whole, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Coal mining is part of the Mining sector along with other mining and extractive industries such as oil and gas. Coal mining is further divided into Bituminous coal underground mining, Bituminous coal and lignite surface mining, and Anthracite mining. Bituminous coal underground mining employs slightly more than half of all coal mining industry workers, but experiences a higher share of occupational injuries, illnesses, and fatalities.

The rate of fatal injuries in the coal mining industry in 2007 was 24.8 per 100,000 full-time equivalent workers, nearly six times the rate for all private industry. This represents a 57 percent decrease from the 2006 rate of 58.1 fatalities per 100,000 full-time equivalent workers. Fatal injuries in 2006 included the Sago mine disaster.

Rates of fatal occupational injury in 2007:
Total private industry: 4.3 cases per 100,000 full-time equivalent workers
Coal mining: 24.8 per 100,000 full-time equivalent workers

There were 28 fatal injuries in coal mining in 2007, down from an average of 31 fatalities per year from 2003 to 2006. In 2007, 20 fatalities (or 71 percent of all fatalities in coal mining) were in bituminous coal underground mining. Contact with objects and equipment and transportation incidents were the most frequent fatal events with 18 and 5 fatal injuries respectively.

The rate of nonfatal injuries and illnesses in coal mining in 2008 was 4.4 cases per 100 full-time workers, 13 percent higher than for total private industry. In bituminous coal underground mining, the rate of nonfatal injuries and illnesses was 66 percent higher than that of all private industry. Bituminous and lignite surface mining had a rate that was 49 percent lower than all private industry. Anthracite had a rate 59 percent higher than all private industry, but a very small number of cases.

Total nonfatal injury and illness incidence rates in 2008:
Total private industry: 3.9 cases per 100 full-time workers
Coal mining: 4.4 per 100 full-time workers
Bituminous coal underground mining: 6.5 per 100 full-time workers
Bituminous coal and lignite surface mining: 2.0 per 100 full-time workers
Anthracite mining: 6.2 per 100 full-time workers

More serious injuries and illnesses require days away from work to recuperate. In coal mining, the rate of injuries and illnesses with days away from work was 2.6 per 100 full-time workers in 2008, more than twice the rate for the private sector as a whole. The bituminous coal underground mining rate was 3.9 per 100 full-time workers, more than three times the total private industry rate.

Rates of injuries and illnesses with days away from work in 2008:
Total private industry: 1.1 cases per 100 full-time workers
Coal mining: 2.6 per 100 full-time workers
Bituminous coal underground mining: 3.9 per 100 full-time workers
Bituminous coal and lignite surface mining: 1.2 per 100 full-time workers
Anthracite mining: 4.7 per 100 full-time workers

The number of median days away from work is a measure of the severity of injuries and illnesses. Workers in coal mining and bituminous coal underground mining were away from work due to occupational injuries or illnesses longer than the 8 median days experienced by all private industry workers. Fractures, which frequently require long recuperations, account for 19 percent of all injuries and illnesses in coal mining, compared to 8 percent in all private industry.

Median days away from work in 2008:
Total private industry: 8 median days away from work
Coal mining: 31 days
Bituminous coal underground mining: 34 days
Fractures, all private industry: 28 days

The report speaks for itself. Despite such facts, the attitudes of oi politicians like Carpenter remain the same. Their understanding begins and ends with revenue sheets and political polls.

Carpenter and I went round for round, his “banker’s” smile still as friendly. He gave me this ultimatum, “Next time you visit, bring me a way to solve the economic problems of Eastern Kentucky.” He had completely ignored the wonderful advice given to him by Miles, a member of our group in 7th Grade. Mile’s spoke like an adult despite his age, having picked up on what his parents had been doing to solve the economic problems of Eastern Kentucky through their jobs within the Mountain Association for Community Economic Development and Appalachian Transitions. Sadly, his hard hitting facts and powerful suggestions fell on deaf ears. MACED and Appalachian Transitions does not have the money to fill campaign coffers like the Kentucky Coal Association.

We left Carpenter’s office having gained nothing. On our way back to debrief the larger group, I came across Rocky Adkins, House Majority Floor Leader and representative from Eastern Kentucky, standing in the hall speaking with lady who wore an “I ♥ Coal”sticker.

“I couldn’t help but notice your sticker ma’am. Why do you love coal?” I said.

Rocky Adkins spoke up before she could answer and he gestured at the lights, “Well, it gives us these lights and it gives people jobs!”

“Well, it hasn’t been quite that great for my family. My father injured his back in the mines and now suffers every day because of it. I have an uncle who some days has to lie on his stomach on the floor most of the day because it was the only way he could get relief from his back injury he’d had in the mines. My cousin has wasted away to nothing because of his pain and his injury in the mines.”

“That’s unfortunate,” he said. Another programmed response.

Kainaz Amaria – Appalachia Coal Essay

What is unfortunate is the way coal miners and their families have become “jobs,” a means to a vote that will keep politicians in their capitol offices and coal company stock holders in their gated communities. How could anyone ask someone to give so much of themselves, to risk life and limb, to give up their long term health, all to maintain their status within society? If they truly cared for the people of Appalachia as I do, they would never ask someone to sacrifice their health doing such a dangerous job—they would instead seek alternatives for them, they would find was to give the people they represent a good and happy life for their families without health concerns. They would be investing in energy efficiency technologies to solve our unnecessary energy demands and to employ thousands of coal miners who must use up their bodies to put food on the table.

But this is not the way of progress for the people who do so well within the halls of state and national capitols. In their world, some people are meant to own coal mines, some people are meant to be politicians, and some people are meant to be coal miners.